Morningstar offers a Relay Driver (model # RD-1) which can be used for many of the same functions as an auxiliary (IN or OUT). Each RD-1 has 4 channels that can be used as inputs or outputs for Low Voltage Disconnect, Vent Fan, Alarm notifications, or Genstart. Output Channels can be turned on or off based on standalone relay driver values or information from other Morningstar devices on a MeterBus network such as: Thresholds (Voltage, Current, Temperature, % PWM Duty Cycle) Selected Alarms and/or Faults PC or MODBUS inputs over the RS-232 Serial data connection Advanced options allow users to use use the relay as a timer switch or to custom program delays.
Dip switch settings to configure battery charging, system voltage, and load/lighting parameters are included in the ProStar MPPT Operator’s Manual. But in the event that you don’t have a manual handy, you can also find these dip switch settings on the inside of the removable wire cover, and on the inside of the Wire Box accessory.
Most people are used to connecting to a computer in order to configure a controller’s charge settings. But with the ProStar MPPT™ controller, configurations can be changed in the field just by using the controller’s meter interface without the need to connect to a computer. The absorption, float, and equalization charge settings, as well as the load and lighting control settings, can all be changed via the scroll buttons on the meter display.
There have been a number of questions recently about whether Morningstar solar charge controllers can be used to charge lithium ion batteries in off-grid solar applications. Morningstar’s TriStar MPPT, TriStar (PWM), ProStar MPPT, SunSaver MPPT, and SunSaver DUO solar charge controllers support Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) and other battery technologies such as: Lead Acid (PbSO4): Sealed (VRLA, AGM, Gel) and Flooded Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion or LIB) Lithium Iron Phosphate (“LFP”, LiFePO4) Lithium Iron Magnesium Phosphate (LiFeMgPO4) Lithium Manganese Oxide (“LMO”, LiMn2O4) Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (“NMC”, LiNixMnyCozO2) Nickel–Cadmium (NiCd or NiCad) Nickel–Metal Hydride (NiMH or Ni–MH) Nickel–Iron (NiFe) Nickel–Zinc (NiZn) Aqueous Hybrid Ion (Aquion or AHI™) Flow or Redox Flow Battery Vanadium Redox (VRB) Zinc–Bromine (ZnBr2) Zinc–Cerium (Zn-Ce) All of the above-mentioned Morningstar controllers offer custom programming to create pre-configured plug and play settings that can be tailored for most types of batteries. For more information, please go to our Best Practices By Battery Chemistry page.
A question came in recently about whether the dip switch settings on Morningstar controllers can be changed while the controller is powered ON. The answer is: No, you should turn off the solar breaker and the battery breaker before you change the dip switch settings on the controller.
Although Morningstar MPPT controllers are capable of charging a lower voltage battery from a higher voltage battery, at this time, no information is available concerning the use of a TriStar MPPT 600V Controller to charge a 48V battery bank from the Tesla Powerwall. We recently contacted Tesla about this and we will update you with any new information when we receive it.
Since Morningstar controllers are passively cooled without any internal fans or moving parts, they are very reliable. Fans and other parts are subject to failure and replacement can be very problematic, especially for controllers installed in difficult to access, remote areas. But in addition to issues related to mechanical performance, and debris drawn into the controller by these fans, the noise they create can be irritating in residential applications. With passive cooling, you not only minimize the chance of defects, but you also benefit from the sound of silence.
If your Morningstar controller’s meter is displaying an alarm, it is helpful to consult the meter map for the particular controller you are using in order to access additional helpful information. The arrows on the map correspond to the arrow buttons on your meter, and the sequence that they need to be pressed in order to display the diagnosis. If you did not save the meter map that came with your controller, you can access it on the Morningstar Support site.
During one of our webinars, a question came up about battery temperature sensing associated with Morningstar charge controllers. Just to clarify, our TriStar MPPT family of controllers come with a remote temperature sensor (RTS) included. The TriStar PWM does not come with a remote temperature sensor but an RTS can be purchased separately. All other MS controllers include an internal temperature sensor. In addition to the TriStar PWM mentioned above, if more accurate battery temperature sensing is desired, the RTS accessory can be purchased for the SunSaver MPPT, SunKeeper, SunSaver DUO, and ProStar.
Our popular TriStar MPPT charge controller is now available in a 30 amp version. The new 30 amp version handles PV input from 400Wp to 1600Wp (up to 150Voc) and 12-48 VDC batteries. This controller has all the features and capabilities of our current 45 amp version but with a lower price point.